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Johnson's interpretations of Lincoln's policies prevailed until the Congressional elections of 1866.Those elections followed outbreaks of violence against blacks in the former rebel states, including the Memphis riots of 1866 and the New Orleans riot that same year.The Democrats, who strongly opposed Reconstruction, regained control of the House of Representatives in 1874.
With the three Reconstruction Amendments, the era saw the first amendments to the U. Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson both took moderate positions designed to bring the South back into the union as quickly as possible, while Radical Republicans in Congress sought stronger measures to upgrade the rights of African Americans, including the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, while curtailing the rights of former Confederates, such as through the provisions of the Wade–Davis Bill.They alleged widespread corruption by the Carpetbaggers, excessive state spending and ruinous taxes.Meanwhile, public support for Reconstruction policies, requiring continued supervision of the South, faded in the North, largely due to concerns over the Panic of 1873.As Confederate states came back under control of the U. Army, President Abraham Lincoln set up reconstructed governments in Tennessee, Arkansas, and Louisiana during the war.He experimented by giving land to blacks in South Carolina.
One such politician murdered by the Klan on the eve of the 1868 presidential election was Republican Congressman James M. Widespread violence in the south led to federal intervention by President Ulysses S. Nevertheless, white Democrats, calling themselves "Redeemers", regained control of the south state by state, sometimes using fraud and violence to control state elections.